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Glass in Engineering Science






Chapter 1.     Optical birefringence in glass: basic considerations   1

1.1.         Stress-induced birefringence

1.2.         Magnetically induced birefringence

1.3.         Electrically induced birefringence

1.4.         Stress-optical properties

               1.4.1.     Early investigations

               1.4.2.     Simplified photoelastic theory and test results

               1.4.3.     Vitreous silica and silicon

               1.4.4.     Soda–lime glass

               1.4.5.     Wavelength dispersion of birefringence

               1.4.6.     Influence of load duration

               1.4.7.     Influence of temperature

               1.4.8.     Chalcogenide glasses and acoustic birefringence

1.5.         Magneto-optical properties

               1.5.1.     Early investigations

               1.5.2.     Wavelength dispersion of Faraday rotation

               1.5.3.     Influence of other physical conditions

               1.5.4.     Rare-earth oxide glasses

               1.5.5.     Influence of magnetic nanoparticles and quantum dots

1.6.         Electro-optical properties

1.7.         References


Chapter 2.     Optical birefringence in glass: residual stresses   107

2.1.         Early experimental results

2.2.         Annealed flat glass

2.3.         Thermally toughened flat glass

2.4.         Chemically toughened flat glass

2.5.         Industrial measurement techniques for flat glass

2.6.         Magnetophotoelasticity in glass

2.7.         Non-flat glass

2.8.         Glass seals

2.9.         High-energy irradiation of glass

2.10.       Optical glass fibres

2.11.       References


Chapter 3.   Optical birefringence in glass: diverse applications 251

3.1.         Photoelastic glass models

3.2.         Glass indentation and fracture

3.3.         Transient stresses in glass

3.4.         Flow birefringence in glass melts

3.5.         Glass modelling of particulate media

3.6.         Glass inclusions in composite media

3.7.         Particulate and other inclusions in glass

3.8.         Optical glass retardation devices

3.9.         References


Chapter 4.     Birefringent glass transducers   389

4.1.         Historical perspective

4.2.         Solid-prism glass dynamometer

4.3.         Solid-cylinder glass dynamometer: principles

4.4.         Hydraulic pressure gauge based on solid-cylinder glass transducer

4.5.         Other instrumentation based on solid-cylinder glass transducer

4.6.         Pressure sensors based on solid glass plate transducer

4.7.         Dynamometer based on perforated glass plate transducer

4.8.         Cylindrical glass inclusion transducer: early developments

4.9.         Hollow-cylinder glass inclusion transducer: laboratory studies

4.10.       Cylindrical glass transducers: field applications

4.11.       Optoelectronic glass transducers

4.12.       References


Appendix A1.     Photoelastic analysis of glass model foundation   485

A1.1.       Introduction

A1.2.       Experimental modelling

A1.3.       Selected test results

A1.4.       References


Appendix A2.     Elastic solutions for cylindrical inclusions   497

A2.1.       Introduction

A2.2.       Plane elastic solutions: hollow cylindrical inclusion

A2.3.       Plane elastic solutions: solid cylindrical inclusion

A2.4.       Effect of thermal and shrinkage strains

A2.5.       Three-dimensional solutions

A2.6.       Commentary on further solutions

A2.7.       References


Bibliography: technical books on glass   595


Principal notation   659


Subject index   665












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