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The Devolment of glass Bottle Making Machines by Trevor Gledhill

Chapter 1. The development of glass bottle making machines. It's history
This chapter highlights where glassmaking too place at the end of the 17th century and how it was split between the different types of glass that were made, the different types of furnace design and how they changed with time, and it shows the the different methods of manufacture.

Chapter 2. Bottles made by the ‘hand process’, and the equipment that they used
Here we give a description of bottle making by the hand process, including illustrations showing the tools used. It then goes on to describe the moulds and the bottle handling equipment that were employed.

Chapter 3. Glass bottle machine types and their equipment
Here we discuss the different methods of container Manufacture and some basic things about the moulds that were used.

Chapter 4. The rise and fall of the semi-automatic machine
This chapter describes how the semi-automatic process was developed including biopics of Windmill and Ashleys machines and companies. It describes the pressing process and the different types of presses used. Then we give a description of all of the semi-automatic bottle making machines that I have found along with their patent applications were applicable it also includes a biopic of Roland Hirst and the Horley machine.

Chapter 5. The rise and fall of the automatic suction machine
Mike Owens and his team were the inventors of the first automatic bottle making machine and its subsequent development, this and the early years of what was to be known as the Owens Bottle Making Company is in the form of a biopic. Next follows the work of Emile Roirant again as a biopic followed by a description of the Redfern machine. The Hillman and O’Neill machines are discussed next followed by an indepth look at the Monish and Pöting machines.

Chapter 6. The development of the feeder and forehearth
The development of the feeder started round about 1903 with the Homer Brooke stream feeder, many improvements and changes were made until the basic feeder appeared in 1922 and the forehearth from around the same time. Using Emharts terminology we then go on to review the different forehearth designs and refractory expendables used. There is a biopic of the British Hartford Fairmont Company along with its various owners, followed by ones on Charles Rankin, and William. J. Miller    .                                         
Chapter 7. The rise and fall of the single table or column machine
This chapter covers the press, press and blow, blow and blow and suck and blow machines both single table and those with two, one above the other. It starts off with some interesting information about the early years of mechanical bottle making. There is a biopic of Ed. Miller, his company and the Lynch Corporation with the majority of presses they made described. We look at the Graham-Owens machines followed by Roirant’s columb machines finishing with a small biopic on the Knox and Daubenspeck and Winder machines, and one on W. (Bill) Mitchell.

Chapter 8. The rise and fall of the twin table machines
Here we have a chapter that is devoted to biopic’s of Frank O’Neill and James Lynch and their companies.

Chapter 9. The rise of the ‘in-line’ machine
First we start with a biopic of Honiss and Lorenz and the company that they formed, after the formation of the Hartford-Fairmont Company, the companies name was changed to the Hartford-Empire Company after a merger with the Empire Company, we then continue the saga but only concentrate on the glass making side of the corporation. After this we concentrate on the Lynch 44 and the O’Neill 55 machines.

Chapter 10. Why machines became bigger
The development of the glass making machines and why they all ceased to exist except for the IS machine.

Appendix 1. Mould irons and other materials
From articles published in ‘Glass Technology’ by T. Ensor along with other information from other sources.

Appendix 2. Forehearth design and control
Studies flow through an orifice and how important is forehearth temperature control. This is followed by pointers on how to design a forehearth.

Appendix 3. The identification of glass bottles
Notes on how to identify old glass bottles and a historical glossary of bottle making terms, often there will be more than one explanation.

Appendix 4. List of abstracts
These are taken from the first five years of the Journal of the Society of Glass Technology, 1919 to 1923.

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